• Introduction
  • Film
  • Types
  • Sizes
  • Speed
  • Cameras
  • Types

Sizes of film used in photography

The size of film used can have a big impact on the quality, cost, and ability to print the images. Different sizes of film are used to capture different types of photographs. Understanding the differences between each size can help photographers to choose the right film for their particular needs.


35mm, is the most commonly used size of film. It is the standard size used in most consumer cameras, and is relatively inexpensive. It produces an image size of 36mm x 24mm, and is the most versatile of all film formats. It is great for capturing a wide range of subjects, from landscapes to close-ups of people.

The use of 35mm film in photography is becoming increasingly popular among both professional and amateur photographers. The format, which is commonly referred to as “full frame”, refers to the actual size of the film itself; it is 36mm in width and 24mm in height. This type of film is favored for its ability to capture fine details and create sharp, vivid images, which is why it is the preferred choice for many photographers.

The 35mm film format has been around since the late 19th century, but it wasn’t until the mid-20th century that it became widely popular. The first 35mm cameras were introduced in the late 1930s and early 1940s, and they revolutionized the way people took photos. The smaller size of the film allowed photographers to capture more detail in their shots, and the wider frame enabled them to capture more of a scene in a single frame.

The 35mm film format has remained popular throughout the years, despite the emergence of digital photography. Many professional photographers prefer to use 35mm film due to its ability to capture the nuances of a scene and its lifelike colors. It also offers a unique look that cannot be replicated with digital cameras.

Medium Format

Medium format film is larger than 35mm film and produces a higher quality image. It is used by professional photographers and is the preferred choice for fine-art photography. This type of film comes in two sizes: 120 and 220.

In photography, medium format film refers to any film size larger than 35mm, but smaller than 4x5 inches. This type of film offers a wide range of advantages that make it a popular choice for both professional and amateur photographers.

One of the main advantages of medium format film is its superior image quality. This type of film produces larger negatives, which give photographers the ability to capture more detail and better color reproduction than 35mm film. Additionally, medium format film is less likely to suffer from grain and noise issues when compared to 35mm film.

Medium format film has a number of other advantages. For example, because the negatives are larger, they can be enlarged to larger sizes without any loss in quality. This makes medium format film the ideal choice for large prints. Additionally, the larger negative size provides more flexibility when making adjustments in darkroom printing.

Finally, medium format film provides photographers with more creative control. This type of film allows for more precise exposure control and allows photographers to experiment with different kinds of lighting. Additionally, the slower film speed of medium format film allows for longer exposure times, which can be used to create interesting and unique effects.

Overall, medium format film is an excellent choice for photographers who want to take advantage of its superior image quality, larger negative size, and increased creative control. While it may be more expensive than 35mm film, the results are often worth the extra cost.

Large format

Large format film photography has been around since the dawn of photography and is still a popular medium today. The larger format allows photographers to capture extremely detailed images with a wide range of tones and an immense amount of detail.

Large format film photography can be broken down into two categories: view cameras and large format cameras. View cameras are the classic design, consisting of a bellows, a ground glass, and a lens. View cameras are usually used for landscape and architectural photography, as they allow you to easily adjust the camera's position and perspective. Large format cameras are more modern, and they are typically used for product photography, architecture, and portraiture.

Large format film has a much larger negative size than other film formats, allowing for an immense amount of detail to be captured in each image. The larger negative size also allows for more control over depth of field, enabling photographers to create photos with a unique look. Additionally, large format film has a much higher dynamic range and can capture an incredible amount of detail in highlights and shadows.

One of the main benefits of large format film is its ability to capture immense detail. This is because the larger negative size allows for a higher resolution image, meaning more information can be captured in each frame. This results in sharper and more detailed images, which can be extremely useful for landscape and architectural photography.

Large format film also has a longer tonal range, meaning that it can capture a wider range of tones in each image. This allows photographers to create images with a wide range of tones and an immense amount of detail. Additionally, large format film has a much higher dynamic range, allowing photographers to create images with a unique look and feel.

The downside of large format film photography is that it is more expensive and time-consuming than other types of photography. This is due to the larger film size, which requires more film and processing time. Additionally, large format film requires specialized equipment, making it more difficult to learn and use.

Overall, large format film photography is an incredibly rewarding and unique type of photography. It allows photographers to capture incredibly detailed and unique images with a wide range of tones and an immense amount of detail. While it does have its drawbacks, large format film photography is an amazing medium for creating beautiful images.